December 18, 2013, 02:08:44 PM by Perun
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In the public mind to the Soviet architecture 1960-80′s made to be skeptical. Inhuman monotonous panel housing estates, brutal concrete public buildings, the elementary geometric forms, minimalism and lack of decorative frills. In many ways, this belief is true, but sometimes in the design institutes of the USSR created desperately bold images that looked after the implementation of newcomers from a science fiction movie. We decided to make a list of the most spectacular, sometimes crazy buildings, born in the Khrushchev-Brezhnev Soviet architects imagination.
12. “House-ring” in Moscow.
At the turn of the 1960s and 70s architect Eugene Stamo, who worked on the buildings Matveevskoe residential area in the west of Moscow, came up with an interesting idea. When docking concrete panels in the types of housing permitted angle of six degrees. What if you build such a house? In 1973, the idea was realized in the center of Matveevsky there was a great “home-ring.” He was fully implemented in standard prefabricated industrial products (Series I-515) and still amazes original form. The inner diameter of 155 meters yard, 26 sections, 912 apartments (374 studios, 374 one-bedroom, 155 three-room and four-9). The total living area of 27,334 square meters. m
Six years later, near, near Ramenky was built twin brother Matveevsky home, but the story is “living the Rings”, alas, in Moscow in the end. In the center of the courtyard of the buildings solid green area with playground. Parking for tenants placed between it and the inner circumference of the building.
December 18, 2013, 02:07:04 PM by Perun
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Kamchatka, as well as any other region of the planet, has its natural features. But predominates here, perhaps, one amazing natural phenomenon – volcanism. Volcanic eruptions and associated activity of the deep Earth processes – hot springs and geysers – form the basis of the landscape here. Kuril-Kamchatka link the so-called Pacific Ring of Fire has high volcanic and seismic activity.
Of the 30 active volcanoes in Kamchatka state of eruption of the volcano each year are 3-4. This is the highest active volcano in Eurasia – almost five thousand meters Kluchevskoy. Often erupts one of the youngest volcanoes – Karimsky. many volcanoes are in a state-solfatara fumarole activity. solfataras – sources of steam containing hydrogen sulfide or sulfur dioxide gas at a temperature of between 90 and 300 ° C. Common in volcanic areas.Fumaroles – selection of hot volcanic gas in the form of jets and calmly floating masses of cracks or channels located on the bottom and the walls of the crater of the volcano.
These craters are hundreds of high outputs of which air is constantly discharged in vapor-gaseous components of magmatic melts, primarily carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen fluoride, ammonia, etc. Naturally, these outputs are observed around multicolored inlaying minerals fumes generated by heating, thick deposits of native sulfur. acidic volcanic gas condensate streams quickly regenerate the surrounding igneous rocks, turning them into a near-surface zone of clay and Opal. There are many places on the Kamchatka Peninsula, even near its capital – the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Pleasant known Avacha-Koryak and Mutnovsko-Gorelovka group of volcanoes. [b...
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